Over the past three years we have completed our project to digitize our graduate students’ final theses and dissertations. 2018 marks the first year where all our legacy works have been uploaded to Deep Blue.
The following data includes all uploaded works and download counts as of December 2018.
Deep Blue by the Numbers
Total number digitized works: 757
Works downloaded at least once: 448 (59%)
Total downloads: 114,329
Open Access works: 345 (46%)
Open Access works downloaded at least once: 345 (100%)
Open Access downloads: 114,052 (99.8%)
Works accessible only on UM campuses: 412 (54%)
Works accessible only on UM campuses downloaded at least once: 103 (25%)
On campus downloads: 277 (0.2%)
Top 10 Downloaded Theses
The download amounts in the following list reflect the all time totals, not just those downloads that occurred in 2018.
“Libraries are simple. I can figure this out all by myself.
Wait — How do I get to the library website? And where are the databases I’m supposed to use?
I thought there was only one university research database. Just how many databases ARE there? Which one am I supposed to use?
I don’t know what to do, or where to look or who to ask. If I ask for help, will they think I’m stupid? I don’t want anyone to think I’m stupid.
I’ll just use Google . . .
This is a common reaction by new students beginning their first research paper at university.
If it’s been a while since they visited their local public library, they may not be aware of the vast changes in how libraries collect, store, index, and provide access to information. Or they may not be aware of the very real and immediate need to ask a librarian for assistance when faced with so many options.
It is often assumed that all libraries are identical. They aren’t familiar with the specialized services an academic library provides to students and faculty researchers.
Plus they are often overwhelmed by the technology involved in using library resources — such as databases — resources which index and provide access to such varied sources of information as books, ebooks, scholarly journal articles, or even statistical data.
Few expect to find over 1,000 subscription service databases available to them.
Selecting the specific database they need to begin a research project is the first major hurdle students face. Frustration often drives them to return to their old friend, Google, when they don’t know how to find or use Library resources. Google is not a reliable source of scholarly, or even accurate, information. This helps no one.
The data libraries provide as part of their standard service today cannot be matched by search engines such as Google, Bing, or Yahoo. Search engines can only access materials that are available for free through open access on the internet. Any service, such as newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals or data services that require a subscription to get access are not available to any search engine. They are blocked from these resources, the very materials to of greatest value to researchers.
These are the very services that libraries DO provide.
As an example of the extent of this problem, Google can only provide access to approximately 17% to 25% of the resources an academic library makes available to its researchers. Worse — Google can only provide that much because a small portion of what libraries offer IS open source materials.
Think Google Scholaris able to get around that? Nope. Google Scholar simply re-directs it’s student users back to their own library, but without the ability to use multiple index search words, or limiters that allow users to select for things such as full text articles, peer-reviewed articles, or articles published in English language (all actual limiters available in most library databases).
Check the settings options in Google Scholar, and select for Libraries to see where it is redirecting.
Libraries organize a wide variety of online resources, including such things as useful statistical or data which governments and organization sites (that don’t require subscriptions) provide and are freely available for online access and use by anyone.
But Google can’t get at the scholarly journal or other databases the library pays for through its annual subscription The databases and other resources provided by the Library are far better choices to find and use research materials.
But — with over 1,000 current subscription databases available through Thompson Library, how does a researcher find which databases to use for any given research project or question?
That very dilemma is the reason Thompson Library uses —
The LibGuides help our librarians create a selection of Guides for specific areas of study (as well as for specific courses, or topics of interest, when needed).
For each teaching department on our UM-Flint campus, our librarians have created a general Guide that organizes all databases of use to a researcher within that discipline.
Each Guide offers tabs to different pages that further organize the resources needed by researchers.
And in many cases, several specialized Guides are created within a discipline that focus on those resources useful to a specialized branch of study.
Let’s look at some examples of Guides and how to find them.
FINDING the Guides:
To find a LibGuide for any of the major subject areas at UM-Flint, a researcher must navigate first to the Thompson Library website.
Find Thompson Library Website:
From UM-Flint page, use top toolbar for ACADEMICS; the drop-down options include LIBRARY. Use the “click here” option to navigate to the Thompson Library website.
Scroll down the library website; find the box in the center of the page labeled, “NEED HELP GETTING STARTED?“
This page presents an alphabetical list of the major discipline LibGuides. Scroll down the list to find the one you need. Click to open.
Each Guide starts with an OVERVIEW page. This page lists the librarian who created the Guide and how to contact them on the far right of the screen. The center of the Guide will offer links a short list of the most frequently used databases.
Along the lower left may be a list of related Guides that could prove useful to your search.
Each Guide has a tab-list of pages within the Guide along the far left side.
Each page provides links to library resources (databases, books, etc) as indicated on the tab.
Let’s look at a Guide.
From the alphabetic list of subject Guides, let’s select NURSING.
Click on the Guide for Nursing, found in the alphabetic list.
The landing / OVERVIEW page tells you this Guide was created by librarian Laura Friesen and provides her office address, office phone number, and email. It gives a few “quick links” back to useful Library information, such as the hours the Library is open. It also provides a link to the CHAT feature.
CHAT is a real-time way to ask a librarian for help. Click CHAT to type your question and have an online discussion with a librarian. This is a great way to get a quick answer to a simple question.
Under the center FREQUENTLY USED DATABASES is a short list of those databases used most often by students and instructors in the Nursing Program at UM-Flint.
Each database includes the name of that database as a clickable link, and below the name, a brief description of what kind of information is found within that particular database.
DO NOT assume that the short list of databases found on the Overview page is all the library offers for researchers in this subject. Nope. Check the tabs on the left and look for an A-Z List of Databases; click to open.
The A-Z list in the Nursing Guide is not a list of all Library databases. It IS a list of all databases useful to those researching topics in the field of Nursing and Medicine — a great way to narrow down the over 1000 databases the Library offers to just those useful in THIS, the current research project.
It is wise to remember that they are NOT listed by usefulness or relevance, but simply alphabetically.
Choosing the first database in a list may not be a good way to select a database. Check the description found below every database link to understand the contents of that particular database. With that information, it is easier to determine which database is more likely to provide the information sought by the researcher.
Do not, for example, use a database that lists and describes current drugs (such as the Merck Index Online) when searching for an index to journal articles. For journal articles, a better database choice may be Nursing & Allied Health or CINAHL.
Some Guides will offer additional tabs to group a large list of databases by narrower topics. Look for those to help you narrow down which database to use.
So you select a NURSING database, say the one named CINAHL,but find it a bit confusing to use. To make it easier to figure out, the Library included a tab in this Guide with short videos that explain how to use some of the databases found in this Guide.
This video walks a new user through how to find, open, and use the CINAHL database both effectively and efficiently.
When the current research project is finished and the research paper written, there’s even help from the Library Guides for doing a References page.
Find the tab for APA STYLE, again, from the Page list on the far left side of each library Guide, for assistance.
Each subject Guide will vary a little based on the type of information is needed for that particular subject and the resources available through the library in that discipline. But the basic organization of each Guide is similar. Learn one and have no problem using the others.
But that’s not all. There are additional Guides to help for other research projects as well. Want to learn about The Flint Water Crisis? We have a Guide for that! It organizes a wide variety off resources available to a researcher, including print and online sources of background information about the Flint and what happened.
But that Guide is NOT in the list by subject we just looked at. The “extra” Guides can be found using the FULL List of Guides.
The link to the FULL LIST of Library Guides can be found on the far left of the Thompson Library website, directly under the “Frequently Asked Questions.”
The List defaults to a “major categories” list, but by clicking either of the other options at the top, a user can change to ALL GUIDES to see the complete list, or OWNER, to see all those Guides created by any one of our librarians.
Or, if the exact title of a Guide is known (such as The Flint Water Crisis), that can by entered into the search box to zero in on a single Guide quickly.
– There are plenty of options to find and use any of the Guides.
– Using the Guides is easy as they are all organized similarly.
– The Guides are extremely useful because they organize links to databases and online documents needed to research a specific subject.
– The Guides make finding and using a database — and other resources — much easier.
– In short, the best way to begin any research project at the Thompson Library of University of Michigan-Flint is to start with the Guides.
Choose a Guide based on the type of subject to be researched. Browse through the contents of a Guide to select a database (resource) to use.
Get to the best resource for each search faster and with less effort. Get the research started and completed quickly.
Subject Guides — Helping UM-Flint researchers find and use the best library database (or other resource) to meet their needs quickly.
* * * * * * * * * * * * *
Need more help?
Don’t forget the BESTresource in any library are it’s librarians!
If you are a UM-Flint student, staff, or faculty, this is where you find help with your research needs.
Contact a UM-Flint Thompson Library LIBRARIAN for help.
Passwords at UM-Flint can be very confusing for new students. And sometimes for those of us who have been around a while, too.
Every student and employee has a UM-FLINT password. AND — every student also has a University of Michigan password (their “umich” password.) These are two separate passwords, and up until now, they could not be combined into one.
The Flint password works for any protected resource originating on the Flint campus.
This includes UM-Flint student email accounts, AND the various subscription databases provided by Thompson Library.
Why are those databases protected? They are protected because the license agreement required for subscription limits our Library to providing access to these resources ONLY to University of Michigan-Flint people, either currently registered students or current employees.
Our continued access to these resources is contingent on them remaining protected access resources.
For those that only use Library databases while on campus, no special login is required. Any online computer is pre-recognized as being authorized to use these databases by dint of being physically on the Flint campus (as identified by the internet login IP address).
For those using our databases from off campus, an automatic prompt requiring a password will pop up on screen before granting access to subscription service products.
But which password works for which service? Remember, currently each Flint campus student has TWOUniversity of Michigan passwords.
The simple answer is that any resource that originates from the Ann Arbor campus will require the UM “umich” password (previously referred to as the KERBEROS password).
Any resource that originates from the Flint campus (such as databases subscribed to by the Thompson Library, or Flint campus email system) will require use of the UM-Flint password.
It can be very confusing, especially if you’re not sure WHERE a particular service originates.
This year, ITS (Flint campus Information Technology Systems) and ITD (Ann Arbor campus Information Technology Department) have worked together for a solution to this frustrating conundrum. And they have a solution that not only allows for a single University of Michigan password, but also maintains the high level of security required today.
However, to get this new “one UM password,” each student must go to the UM password website and change to their new password.
IT IS NOT AUTOMATIC!
If a student does not change to the new single password, they will continue to have — and use — two separate passwords to access services from the University of Michigan.
To change to the new single password, go to the following website:
Once the password has been changed, students will be able to use their new, single University of Michigan password for any login required using any UM service, such as the Library databases, or the MIRLYN Library Catalog (list of books owned by the library at UM).
It will make life much simpler for our students, while still maintaining a secure system of access.
Our project to digitize the legacy collection of UM-Flint’s graduate theses and dissertations has come to its end.
Since our last update, 292 theses were deposited in Deep Blue in May. They were a mixture of legacy theses (dating from 1980 – 1995) and recent graduates’ work. We are currently in the final stages of record clean-up and author contacting.
Going forward we will continue to deposit newly authored works by our growing number of graduate students. We will also continue to track the number of Deep Blue downloads.
Deep Blue by the Numbers
Only the download data through April 2018 were available, the following numbers are based on that data.
452 theses have been added to Deep Blue from July 2015 to April 2018. (The May 2018 deposit brings the total number of digitized theses to 744).
292 of the 452 theses (65%) have been downloaded at least once.
46,081 downloads have occurred since July 2015.
208 of the 452 theses (46%) are designated as open access.
206 of the 208 openly accessible theses (99%) have been downloaded at least once.
244 of the 452 theses (54%) are only accessible on UM campuses.
86 of the 244 on campus theses (21%) have been downloaded at least once.
45,888 of the 46,081 total downloads (99.6%) were for the openly accessible theses.
193 of the 46,081 total downloads (0.4%) were for the theses only accessible on UM campuses.
Scroll to bottom of article to see links for online digital content of Willcox Collection from the Genesee Historical Archives.
Historical Display, Thompson Library
The Woman Who Works for a Living
Life of the Wilcox Sisters, Early 1800s
For her capstone project in History, Jeanette Routhier’s created a display demonstrating an historical examination of the contents of a box of materials she found in the Genesee County Archives.
The box contained historically educational “primary source materials,” the majority in the form of letters written by the Willcox sisters.
The letters were not originally intended to act as a mirror to the time period, nor to serve as an educational tool for historians. They were, in fact, private correspondence within a family that became poverty stricken. The letters detail the struggle of the women of the family to survive in a male-dominated society which offered them few opportunities to provide for themselves outside of the protection of male members of their family.
These letters were intended to be, and remain, private; letters between family. They were not created with the express purpose of becoming a first person observation of the times in which these women lived.
As often happens with documents preserved over time, primary source materials — such as these letters — do just that. They become an historical record of the world in which the authors lived. They teach modern historians about daily life of people living during earlier time periods. They pass along valuable information so that modern students of history can better understand what has happened and how our modern society developed into its current state.
From the letters, beautifully written in the cursive hand taught to all students of that time, we come to know the Wilcox family and follow the course of their lives over time.
Jeanette created the display to lead us through the years along with the sisters, beginning with their father, who was shipped off to Debtor’s Prison in the early 1830s, leaving his daughters destitute.
This was a time when women had few rights. They were generally the chattel (property) of their fathers or husbands.
Single women living alone and depending upon their own efforts to survive had to find work in a world that considered working women a mere step up from slave labor. Finding work was difficult. Once obtained, there were no benefits other than a very meager income. Hours were extremely long. Conditions in the workplace were poor. Opportunities for a better future were non-existent.
Our information about the time period and conditions women endured is passed along to us by history teachers. History teachers learn the history from books. But where does the information in the books come from? And how accurate is it? Does the writer of a book have pre-conceived notions of life in a time period which predates their own? Does that then appear in the book?
Where can we get an accurate description, one passed down to us through time by people who lived through experiences long before we were born?
We find that information in “primary source” materials — the written record of people who were alive and witnessed events of a time before our own.
Primary source materials include such items as letters, the written descriptions of life and events passed down through time, describing conditions that no longer obtain and that we no longer understand through our own experience.
To know more about the time period and conditions that women experience, Ms Routhier opened a box of primary source materials stored in the University of Michigan-Flint Archive.
Jeanette located Box 1 of the George Willcox Papers. She opened it, and began reading the contents.
Through letters saved over the centuries, Jeanette was able to piece together the world in which the Willcox sisters lived. And through her display, Jeanette shared with us what it was like to live as a single woman in early 1800s United States.
Using the Archives and these original documents, which recorded first person observations of the life of these women, Jeanette has given us a small taste of the struggle of women trying to survive on their own in 1800s United States.
This display has now been dismantled.
To see the material upon which this display was based, visit the Genesee Historical Collections Center, or use the links below to view the digitalized contents of the Lyman George Willcox collection stored in the Archives.
From the online digital collection of the
Genesee Historical Collections Center (UM-Flint Archives):
(Click above to access entire online collection, or view the individual letters using the links provided below.)
Lyman George Willcox (1831-1918), a native of Rochester, Oakland County, Michigan, was a lawyer, an officer during the Civil War, orator, public servant, and journalist. His father, Lyman J. Willcox, settled in Michigan during the 1820s. The son, known as George, graduated from Hamilton College in 1855. He went to Kansas in 1856 to study the pro- and anti-slavery situation, then went to Omaha the next year. He returned to Detroit, and in 1861 was appointed captain of Company B, 3rd Michigan Cavalry Regiment. His company saw action at Corinth and Iuka, Mississippi, and he left the service in 1864 as a major. From 1865 to 1870, he was in Antrim County and in Traverse City, working as a lawyer and newspaper editor and in 1867 as U.S. Land Office registrar. From 1871 to 1879, he was a fruit farmer in Centralia, Illinois, in addition to practicing law and regularly speaking as an orator. He returned to Michigan, and was a law partner with his brother in Pontiac from 1879 to 1885. He continued his legal and journalistic interests in Bay City, where he lived from 1885 to 1910, at which point he lived with his son George in Saginaw. His papers include letters to and from his father from relatives in New York; correspondence with his wife during the Civil War; military orders and papers from his service in the Civil War; clippings from his political activities; and various reminiscences and documents from his activity in Civil War veterans’ organizations.
— The Letters of the Willcox Sisters (1830 – 1836) —
(Includes transcribed text in print.)
Angeline Willcox to Lyman J. Willcox, May 31, 183-
We have continued to track how many times the theses have been downloaded from Deep Blue, the University of Michigan’s institutional repository. The following information is a break down of some of the statistics.
Deep Blue by the Numbers
452 theses have been added to Deep Blue from July 2015 to December 2017.
285 of the 452 theses (63%) have been downloaded at least once.
26,494 downloads have occurred since July 2015.
204 of the 452 theses (45%) are designated as open access.
203 of the 204 openly accessible theses (99%) have been downloaded at least once.
248 of the 452 theses (55%) are only accessible on UM campuses.
82 of the 248 on campus theses (26%) have been downloaded at least once.
26,322 of the 26,494 total downloads (99%) were for the openly accessible theses.
172 of the 26,494 total downloads (1%) were for the theses only accessible on UM campuses.
Thompson Library opened it’s doors in its new facility in October, 1994. We have been at our “new” location for 23 years this October. During that time, the Library has continued to add, slowly and selectively, to our Art Collection, which is on display throughout the building.
While many are unaware the Library has an art collection, it has been on display on our walls and on selected tables since those doors opened.
Some of the pieces in our collection have been gifts, donated by thoughtful and generous patrons of the University of Michigan and of the Library. We sincerely appreciate our patrons and thank them for sharing their love of the arts with the our university community.
Some of the pieces were purchased by the library, often from UM-Flint student art shows.
Some of the pieces are part of the Genesee Historical Collections Center — known on campus as The Archives.
The subjects of our artwork are as varied as the mediums used to create them. The majority of our works are in oil, charcoal, or pastels. But there are also a large number of reprints and photographs. The Art in the Library isn’t limited to framed images hanging on the walls; we have a number of sculptures and items of mixed media as well. There are works in glass, in fabric, in metal, and in ceramics. From paintings to sculptures, it’s all in your library, free for anyone to enter, walk around, and enjoy.
We have paintings of people; some famous, some forgotten, some fabricated from the imagination of the artist who created them. There are images of both well known and obscure local sites, some representing the architecture of a specific era, landscapes or geographic features.
There are a number of paintings with subjects that are related in some way to the University of Michigan.
Best of all, the majority of our artworks are on public display. Anyone may visit the Thompson Library to leisurely wander through the building, finding art in both prominent and obscure locations throughout all three floors of our facility.
We invite our readers within the UM-Flint community and visitors to our fair campus to come and enjoy the quiet, peaceful atmosphere of study and contemplation our library offers.
The building itself is — quite literally — a work of art, having won the design firm an award. The stacks shelving over a quarter of a million volumes are open, accessible and well lit.
There are comfortable chairs as well as hundreds of reading carrels on all three floors.
The first floor Atrium boasts 3 story windows, letting in natural light throughout the vast space, with plenty of tables for readers to sit and enjoy the view, quietly read their favorite tome, or engage in research.
And please, take a moment to just look around at the many fine pieces of art on display.
When you are at the Thompson Library, beauty is all around you.
— CLICK ON ANY IMAGE TO ENLARGE —
Below we have included a sample of some of the pieces in our art collection.
Please visit the library soon to view these, and many other, works of art.
FIRST FLOOR OF LIBRARY
SECOND FLOOR OF LIBRARY
THIRD FLOOR OF LIBRARY
Thompson Library has so much more than books in print on our shelves. We have videos (both VHS and DVDs — even a Blu-Ray or 2), we have ebooks (and yes, many can be downloaded to a tablet for two weeks at a time), we have hundreds of online databases.
But we also have a unique art collection.
The Library — and all it contains — is a part of your academic experience.
Come to the Library and enjoy the experience soon.
Information — and culture — are all there for you, at your library.
Since September of 1890, the Michigan Daily has been the official student newspaper at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor.
Throughout the decades since then, the student staffs of the Daily have chronicled not only the goings on at the University, but also the local and global community more generally.
Until recently, one had to go to the Hatcher Graduate Library in Ann Arbor to look at back issues of the Daily on microfilm. Now, almost the entire run of the paper is available to anyone with a computer and internet connection, thanks to the Bentley Historical Library on the North Campus in Ann Arbor.
The Michigan Daily Digital Archives is located at:
Current coverage of all back issues is from 1890 to 2014.
The archive landing page has a basic keyword search box.
At the top of all the archive pages there is a blue bar with the familiar Michigan Block M with the Archive and Bentley Library names.
This bar also contains links to other archive features.
The first of these is labeled Search, and takes the user to a screen with more search options than the basic keyword search on the landing page.
There is a drop down menu that allows users to limit their search by date of publication.
The default is any date, which will search the entire archive for the keywords entered by the user.
Users can choose to limit their search to results before and after a certain publication date, as well as between specified dates.
The left side of the search screen allows users to browse the archive by decade, year, month, and day. There are also a few sample searches available to stimulate creative ideas on how best to search.
Next to the Search link in the blue bar at the top of the archive pages, is a link marked Browse. Clicking here will bring up all of the available issues of the MICHIGAN DAILY, starting with the oldest issue in the archive which is from September 30, 1891.
Again, from here there are drop down menus to limit your search by decade, year, month, and day.
These can be combined, so, for example, you could limit your search to issues of the DAILYthat were published in July — in all of the years of the decade of the 1960s.
The Help link in the blue bar at the top of the archive pages has useful information on search techniques such as Boolean logic, as well as how to use the page viewer feature and how to download pages and entire digital back issues of the Daily.
While the Michigan Daily initially focused mostly on activities on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan, it quickly expanded to cover events across the state, nation, and world.
The November 12, 1918 issue reports on the end of the first World War, while issues from the early 1940s include extensive reporting on World War Two.
An extra issue from November 22, 1963 carried the tragic news of President John F. Kennedy’s death. Five years later, the Daily would report on two additional assassinations of prominent public figures-Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and President Kennedy’s brother Robert.
The progressive social movements of the 1960s, 1970s and beyond have been extensively covered by the Michigan Daily.
Tom Hayden, one of the founders of Students for a Democratic Society, was editor of the paper in the early 1960s.
White Panther/Rainbow People’s Party founder John Sinclair (a 1964 Flint campus graduate) both wrote for the Daily as well as being a frequent subject of articles in the paper.
The African-American civil rights and Black Power movements, second and third wave feminism, countercultures such as the hippies, the LGBTQ+ movement and more have all been written about in the Michigan Daily.
Varsity sports on the Ann Arbor campus have always been well covered by the Daily, from Fielding Yost’s Point A Minute football teams of the early 1900s, through the Bo Schembechler era, and on to today’s teams led by coaches such as Carol Hutchins of the women’s softball team and Jim Harbaugh, current head football coach.
On page three of the February 8, 1955 Daily is a short news article reporting on the Board of Regents vote to “establish a senior college of the University in Flint.”
This, of course, is what evolved into the present day University of Michigan-Flint campus.
News from both the Flint and Dearborn campuses regularly appear in the Daily.
The Michigan Daily Digital Archive is a very valuable historical resource, and is available free for all to use.
Beginning in 2015, the Frances Willson Thompson Library has taken steps to preserve and make more accessible UM-Flint’s graduate theses and dissertations.
Since our last update we have continued to work on the project by adding theses to Deep Blue as students graduate and by reaching out to the remaining authors. We have now contacted all the authors for whom we were able to find contact information. In the end, we sent out over 700 letters asking for authors’ permission to allow the full text of their work to be made available to a larger audience than the three UM campuses.
We have also continued to track how many times the theses have been downloaded from Deep Blue, the University of Michigan’s institutional repository.
Deep Blue by the Numbers
411 theses have been added to Deep Blue between July 2015 and June 2017; the bulk of the theses (375) were added in May 2016.
239 theses (58% of the 411) have been downloaded at least once.
10,901 downloads have occurred since July 2015 when the first few theses were added.
184 of the 411 theses (45%) are designated as open access, meaning they are freely available to anyone on the internet through Deep Blue and search engines, like Google Scholar.
179 of the 184 openly accessible theses (97%) have been downloaded at least once.
60 of the 227 theses (26%) that are only accessible on UM campuses have been downloaded at least once; only 4 of these theses have been downloaded more than five times.
10,772 of the 10,901 total downloads (99%) were for the openly accessible theses.
129 of the 10,901 total downloads (1%) were for the theses only accessible on UM campuses.